Forex Trading

Candlestick patterns and their significance- Hammer, Hanging Man and Inverted hammer

real body
initiate the trade

The first day of the Engulfing pattern has a small real body while the second day has a long one. As the price movement on the second day is much stronger than that on the first day, it may reflect a possible end to the previous trend. If the bearish Engulfing pattern appears after a long movement, it increases the chance that many bulls have already taken long positions. Therefore there might be not enough money to keep the upward market trend intact. However, when you see a candlestick with a long upper shadow while trading, you should know that it is a shooting star.

A paper umbrella has a long lower shadow and a small real body. The lower shadow and the real body should maintain the ‘shadow to real body’ ratio. In the case of the paper umbrella, the lower shadow should be at least twice the real body’s length. The risk-averse will initiate the trade on the next day, only after ensuring that the 2nd day a red candle has formed. The chart below shows a hammer’s formation where both the risk taker and the risk-averse would have set up a profitable trade.

There must be a small real body and a long lower shadow. The lower shadow must be at least two times, preferably three times the length of the real body, The market opens at its high, bulls are in control. But during the trading session, the bears gain dominance and push down the price. If the pattern appears in a chart with an upward trend implying a bearish reversal, it is called the hanging man. The hanging man pattern is formed when bulls push prices higher at the open price of a trading session but bear then enter the market and push prices lower. The bulls eventually manage to push prices back up, but they can’t maintain the momentum, and prices close near the open.

A more aggressive strategy is to take a trade near the closing price of the hanging man or near the open of the next candle. Place a stop-loss order above the high of the hanging man candle. The following chart shows the possible entries, as well as the stop-loss location.

  • Going by the textbook definition, the shooting star should not have a lower shadow.
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  • If the Hammer appears, the price should close even higher on the following day.
  • The wicks are created by the high and low price data points.

The bulls were trying to keep the prices stable but the bears have pulled the prices downwards. However, in the end, the bulls tried to push the price upwards and managed to close the candle near the open. The Hanging Man pattern is the same as the Hammer pattern. The hammer is a bullish pattern, and one should look at buying opportunities when it appears.

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In other words, traders want to see that long lower wick to verify that sellers stepped in aggressively during the formation of that candle. A trader does not have to be knowledgeable about technical charting to take advantage of these signals. Instead, the graphical form of a signal makes reversals immediately visible.

According to his analysis, the upward price trend actually continues a slight majority of the time when the hanging man appears on a chart. One of the problems with candlesticks is that they don’t provide price targets. Therefore, stay in the trade while the downward momentum remains intact, but get out when the price starts to rise again.

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A bearish hanging man pattern means selling pressure on high levels. The reward can also be hard to quantify at the start of the trade since candlestick patterns don’t typically provide profit targets. Instead, traders need to use other candlesticks patterns or trading strategies to exit any trade that is initiated via the hanging man pattern.

Understanding the ‘Hanging Man’ Candlestick Pattern

Here is another interesting chart with two hammer formation. Here is another chart where the risk-averse trader would have benefited under the ‘Buy strength and Sell weakness’ rule. Lower shadow length should be at least twice the length of the real body.

Hammers can also be used to indicate support or bottom levels in addition to potential trend reversals. The colour of the body is not important, although a green body should have slightly more bullish implications. Hammer patterns can be used for numerous periods, making them suitable for both swing and day trading. A stop-loss can be placed at the highest point of the this candlestick. Whether you are into full-fledged forex trading or you prefer to trade in specific asset classes, you have to understand that it is not always necessary to enter a trade. If you enter a trade solely because you have spotted a strong hanging man on a daily chart, you will be facing significant risk.

The hanging man and thehammerare both candlestick patterns that indicate trend reversal. The only difference between the two is the nature of the trend in which they appear. If the pattern appears in a chart with an upward trend indicating a bearish reversal, it is called the hanging man. If it appears in a downward trend indicating a bullish reversal, it is a hammer.

What is Hammer and Hanging Man Candlestick?

It is a bearish reversal pattern that signals that the uptrend is going to end. An easy way to learn everything about stocks, investments, and trading. The hanging man is a single candlestick pattern that offers a bearish view of the spectrum. While its structure is similar to the hammer, its indication and placement are the exact opposite.


The length of the wick has necessary implications for the strength of reversal moves. The candlesticks are created using the open, high, low, and close price data from a given period. The candlesticks are then used to create patterns that can be analyzed for future market predictions.

In Chart 2, the market began the day testing to find where demand would enter the market. Alcoa’s stock price eventually found support at the low of the day. The bears’ excursion downward was halted and prices ended the day slightly above the close. The primary difference between the Hanging Man pattern and the Hammer Candlestick pattern is that the former is bullish and the latter is bearish. That’s because the Hanging Man appears at the top of uptrends while the Hammer appears at the bottom of downtrends.

Hanging man patterns are only short-term reversal signals. The hanging man patterns that have above-average volume, long lower shadows, and are followed by a selling day have the best chance of resulting in the price moving lower. Therefore, it follows that these are ideal patterns to use as a basis for trading.

Therefore, it indicates a change in trend, i.e. from a downtrend to an uptrend. The resulting candlestick has a long lower wick with a short body and little to no upper wick. The hanging man and the hammer candlesticks look identical. The hammer is a bottoming pattern that forms after a price decline. The hammer-shape shows strong selling during the period, but by the close the buyers have regained control.

The Hanging Man candlestick pattern is the same as the Hammer pattern. When a Hammer pattern forms in an uptrend, it’s the Hanging Man pattern. When this happens in a downtrend, it points to a possible bottom or change in trend.

Summary: Hammer vs. Hanging Man Candlestick Pattern

However, the shares manage to recover most or all of the losses within the trading period. One of the limitations of the hanging man, and many candlestick patterns, is that waiting for confirmation can result in a poor entry point. The price can move so quickly within the two periods that the potential reward from the trade may no longer justify the risk.

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Well, the upside-down versions of the hanging man are called shooting stars. Till now, you already know that the hanging man candlestick formation has a small real body with little to no shadow at the upper end, but a long shadow at the lower side. When it comes to the structure, both appear as similar candlestick patterns. However, we can easily tell them apart based on their placement on the candlestick charts.

The hammer and hanging man is similar to a hammer, simply because it has a long lower wick and a short body at the top of the candlestick with almost no upper wick. Just like a hammer, the hanging man is a single candlestick pattern that basically has a small real body accompanied by a long lower shadow or wick. The wick has to be, at least, twice the length of the real body. Moreover, the hanging man candle has a very small upper shadow, if any.

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When the hammer pattern forms, the prices are expected to fall to a new low. Buying at those levels pushes the price of the security up and it finally ends at the high point of the session. The movement suggests that the buyers stopped the prices to fall further and ultimately drove it to the high point of the trading session. The market is predicted to trade lower and make a new low on the day the Hammer pattern appears. However, at the low point, some buying interest appears, pushing prices higher to the point that the stock closes near the day’s high point. This section features the most important information about trading with InstaForex.